robert waldinger study

Robert Waldinger, professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital and head of the long-running Harvard Study of Adult Development, agreed that loneliness can impact health and warned What if we could study people from the time that they were teenagers all the way into old age to see what really keeps people happy and healthy? “That motivated me to do more research on adult development,” said Tang. It was how satisfied they were in their relationships. The researchers also found that marital satisfaction has a protective effect on people’s mental health. That, I think, is the revelation.”. I’d like to close with a quote from Mark Twain. Now, researchers draw men’s blood for DNA testing and put them into MRI scanners to examine organs and tissues in their bodies, procedures that would have sounded like science fiction back in 1938. Rose Lincoln/Harvard Staff Photographer The study’s fourth director, Waldinger has expanded research to the wives and children of the original men. Several studies found that people’s level of satisfaction with their relationships at age 50 was a better predictor of physical health than their cholesterol levels were. “I want to see how childhood experiences affect developments of physical health, mental health, and happiness later in life.”. Under the first director, Clark Heath, who stayed from 1938 until 1954, the study mirrored the era’s dominant view of genetics and biological determinism. 2002- Robert Waldinger, M.D. We’ve learned three big lessons about relationships. Dr. Robert Waldinger is Clinical Professor of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School, Director of the Center for Psychodynamic Therapy and Research at Massachusetts General Hospital, and Director of the Harvard Study of Adult Development. Robert Waldinger is a psychiatrist, psychoanalyst and Zen priest. In a recent TED Talk, Mr. Waldinger reviewed the key findings from this historic study. In the 1970s, 456 Boston inner-city residents were enlisted as part of the Glueck Study, and 40 of them are still alive. There was a recent survey of millennials asking them what their most important life goals were, and over 80 percent said that a major life goal for them was to get rich. For the inner-city men, education was an additional factor. As director of the longest study on adult life and happiness, I've learned some surprising things about what the good life actually looks like. Why is this so hard to get and so easy to ignore? What keeps us healthy and happy as we go through life? (Women weren’t in the original study because the College was still all male.). Many of the inner city Boston men ask us, “Why do you keep wanting to study me? The long-term research has received funding from private foundations, but has been financed largely by grants from the National Institutes of Health, first through the National Institute of Mental Health, and more recently through the National Institute on Aging. He is a psychiatrist, psychoanalyst and Zen priest. “It was how satisfied they were in their relationships. The people who were the most satisfied in their relationships at age 50 were the healthiest at age 80. After following the surviving Crimson men for nearly 80 years as part of the Harvard Study of Adult Development, one of the world’s longest studies of adult life, researchers have collected a cornucopia of data on their physical and mental health. Some developed alcoholism. Those ties protect people from life’s discontents, help to delay mental and physical decline, and are better predictors of long and happy lives than social class, IQ, or even genes. “Good relationships keep us happier and healthier,” Dr. Robert Waldinger, a psychiatrist and director of the Harvard Study of Adult Development, said in a viral “ TED Talk “ released in 2015. More than a decade ago, researchers began including wives in the Grant and Glueck studies. Asked what lessons he has learned from the study, Waldinger, who is a Zen priest, said he practices meditation daily and invests time and energy in his relationships, more than before. They made detailed anthropometric measurements of skulls, brow bridges, and moles, wrote in-depth notes on the functioning of major organs, examined brain activity through electroencephalograms, and even analyzed the men’s handwriting. More than a century ago, he was looking back on his life, and he wrote this: “There isn’t time, so brief is life, for bickerings, apologies, heartburnings, callings to account. In a book called “Aging Well,” Vaillant wrote that six factors predicted healthy aging for the Harvard men: physical activity, absence of alcohol abuse and smoking, having mature mechanisms to cope with life’s ups and downs, and enjoying both a healthy weight and a stable marriage. Since aging starts at birth, people should start taking care of themselves at every stage of life, the researchers say. Some of our octogenarian couples could bicker with each other day in and day out, but as long as they felt that they could really count on the other when the going got tough, those arguments didn’t take a toll on their memories.”. What we’d really like is a quick fix, something we can get that’ll make our lives good and keep them that way. During the intervening decades, the control groups have expanded. So what about you? Robert Waldinger, a psychiatrist, professor at Harvard Medical School, and the director of the Harvard Study of Adult Development decided to find that one thing that makes a good life, helps us become happier and healthier. If you were going to invest now in your future best self, where would you put your time and your energy? Researchers also found that those with strong social support experienced less mental deterioration as they aged. And the third big lesson that we learned about relationships and our health is that good relationships don’t just protect our bodies, they protect our brains. Professor Robert Waldinger is director of the Harvard Study of Adult Development, one of the world’s longest studies of adult life. Lessons from the longest study on happiness). Most of what we know about human life we know from asking people to remember the past, and as we know, hindsight is anything but 20/20. Second in an occasional series on how Harvard researchers are tackling the problematic issues of aging. Visit http://TED.com to get our entire library of TED Talks, transcripts, translations, personalized talk recommendations and more. Psychiatrist Robert J. Waldinger, the study’s director and principal investigator, shared some of the major lessons in a popular TED Talk (What makes a good life? Those who had unhappy marriages felt both more emotional and physical pain. Psychiatrist Robert Waldinger is the director of the longest study on happiness in history. 1937 - - Clark Heath and Arlie Bock –physicians at HUHS envisioned studying health They would not have dreamed that the Study would continue for almost 70 years Most longitudinal studies never “On the other hand, alcoholism and major depression could take people who started life as stars and leave them at the end of their lives as train wrecks.”. And the experience of loneliness turns out to be toxic. “The surprising finding is that our relationships and how happy we are in our relationships has a powerful influence on our health,” said Robert Waldinger, director of the study, a psychiatrist at Massachusetts General Hospital and a professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. But the key to healthy aging is relationships, relationships, relationships.”, How pandemic set back efforts to fight other deadly global health problems, Brighter days for arts forecast in Biden administration. It was conducted by Harvard, and lasted over 75-years. 精神科医、心理学者のロバート・ウォールディンガー氏「よい人生をもたらすものとは?幸せに関する最長の研究の結果からの学び」となります。, 一生を通し、私達を幸福で健康にするものは何でしょう?名声や富 ―そう考える人はたくさんいます。しかし、心理学者ロバート・ウォールディンガー氏は「間違っている」と発言しています。75年に渡る成人発達に関する研究のディレクターであるウォールディンガーは、真の幸福と満足感に関する無類のデータをベースに、この研究結果が私達に教える「3つの重要な教訓」「昔からの知恵」「幸せな長寿の秘訣を」をTEDで語ります。. Since 1938, we’ve tracked the lives of two groups of men. My name is Robert Waldinger, and I'm a Harvard psychiatrist, psychoanalyst, and Zen priest. Lessons from the longest study on happiness | Robert Waldinger What keeps us happy and healthy as we go through life? The Harvard Study of Adult Development may be the longest study of adult life that’s ever been done. Robert Waldinger is a psychiatrist, psychoanalyst and Zen priest. “When the study began, nobody cared about empathy or attachment,” said Vaillant. There is only time for loving, and but an instant, so to speak, for that.”. They were given medical exams. Well, we’re human. It turns out that living in the midst of conflict is really bad for our health. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Robert J. Waldinger (born 1951) is an American psychiatrist and Professor at Harvard Medical School. What Keeps Us Healthy and Happy? Some participants went on to become successful businessmen, doctors, lawyers, and others ended up as schizophrenics or alcoholics, but not on inevitable tracks. He is known for a TED talk about his findings from the Grant Study, a longitudinal study on adult happiness that's based at … That finding proved true across the board among both the Harvard men and the inner-city participants. The people who were the most satisfied in their relationships at age 50 were the healthiest at age 80.”. That is the second-generation study, and Waldinger hopes to expand it into the third and fourth generations. Pictures of entire lives, of the choices that people make and how those choices work out for them, those pictures are almost impossible to get. Well, the possibilities are practically endless. People who are more isolated than they want to be from others find that they are less happy, their health declines earlier in midlife, their brain functioning declines sooner and they live shorter lives than people who are not lonely. If you were going to invest now in your future best self, where would you put your time and your energy? If you think it's fame and money, you're not alone – but, according to psychiatrist Robert Waldinger, you're mistaken. “The more education the inner city men obtained,” wrote Vaillant, “the more likely they were to stop smoking, eat sensibly, and use alcohol in moderation.”. It turns out that people who are more socially connected to family, to friends, to community, are happier, they’re physically healthier, and they live longer than people who are less well connected. If you think it's fame and money, you're not alone – but, according to psychiatrist Robert Waldinger, you're mistaken. And the second group that we’ve followed was a group of boys from Boston’s poorest neighborhoods, boys who were chosen for the study specifically because they were from some of the most troubled and disadvantaged families in the Boston of the 1930s. “We’re going to have to figure out how to grow a lot more food on a lot less land and do it sustainably.”, “Loneliness kills. The best advice I can give is ‘Take care of your body as though you were going to need it for 100 years,’ because you might.”. “Good relationships don’t just protect our bodies; they protect our brains,” said Waldinger in his TED talk. 一生を通して私たちを 健康で幸福にしてくれるのは 何でしょう? 最高の未来の自分に投資するなら自分の時間とエネルギーを何に使いますか 新世紀世代を最近調査し最も大切な人生の目的は何かと訊ねました。80%以上の答えは主な人生の目的は富を蓄える事でその同じ若者の50%のもう1つの大きな目的は有名になる事でした。, 働き更なる努力をしもっと成果を出すようにと常に求められている世の中です。良い人生を送る為には、そうする必要があると誰もが思わされています。自分の全人生を— 自分の選択がどう人生を描いて行くかを予測するなんて殆ど不可能です。人の人生に関してはその人の過去を思い出してもらう事で分かりますがご存知のようにそれはあまり頼りにはなりません。過去に起きた内の膨大な量は忘れ去られ時には完全に創作された記憶さえあります。, では、ある人の全人生が展開されるのを観察しながら記録できないものでしょうか?人々を10代の頃から老年まで追い幸福と健康の持続に本当に何が必要なのか探索しようと始めたのが 我々の研究です。, ハーバード成人発達研究は 史上最も長期に渡って成人を追跡した研究です。75年間724人の男性を追跡し休むことなく仕事や家庭生活健康などを記録しました。勿論 の期間中我々は彼らの人生がどう展開するかは知る由もありませんでした。, この様な研究は非常に稀です。こんな計画は10年もしない内に頓挫してしまいます。あまりに多くの人が途中でプロジェクトを降りてしまう。研究の資金が不足して来る研究者達が他の事で忙しくなったり亡くなってしまうなどが原因で進行が止まってしまうからです。我々の場合は運が良かった事もあり数世代の研究者達の根気強さのお陰でこの研究は生き残りました。元の724人の内の約60人が未だ健在で今も研究に参加しています。その殆どが90歳代です。新しく研究に2千人以上の彼らの子供達にも参加してもらっています。私は4代目の研究責任者です。, 1938年以来男性の2グループを 追跡しています。1番目のグループは研究が始まった時 ハーバード大学の2年生で第2次世界大戦中に大学を卒業し殆どが戦争に行きました。2番目のグループにはボストンの極貧環境で育った少年達がこの研究の為に選ばれました。1930年代のボストンで最も問題の多い貧困家庭出身の人達だからという理由からです。水道設備もないような安アパートに彼らの殆どが住んでいました 。, 研究が始まるとすぐ 10代の彼らをインタビューし健康診断を受けさせました。我々は彼らの家に行きご両親達もインタビューしました。その少年達が今大人になり様々な人生を歩んでいます。工場労働者や弁護士 レンガ職人や医師になったり1人はアメリカの大統領になりました。中にはアル中になった人や 統合失調症になった人もいます。この様に社会の底辺から這い上がりずっと上まで登り詰めた人もいる一方それとは反対の方向に人生を 辿って行った人もいるのです。, この研究の創始者達は思いもしなかった事でしょう。75年後今日ここに私が立って研究は未だに続いている事をこうして話しているなんて1年おきに我々の仕事熱心な忍耐強い研究スタッフが参加者に電話をし彼らの生活に関しての質問表を送っても良いかと訊ねると。, ボストンスラム街の男性の多くはこう問い返します。「なぜ俺を研究し続けたいんだ? 俺の生活は面白くもないだろう」ハーバード群からは決して出ない質問です。, 彼らの生活をしっかり把握する為質問表を送るだけが仕事ではありません。参加者の居間でインタビューしたり彼らの医者から医療記録も手に入れます。血液検査をし脳画像を撮り子供達からも話を聞き彼らが妻と最も気がかりな事に関して話し合っている所を撮影します。約10年前参加者の妻達にも 研究参加をとお願いすると彼女等の多くはこう言いました。 「そう言ってくれるのを待ってたわ」と, これから分かった事は彼らの人生から得た何万ページにもなる情報から分かった事は何でしょう?それは富でも名声でも無我夢中で働く事でもなく75年に渡る研究からはっきりと分かった事は私たちを健康に幸福にするのは良い人間関係に尽きるという事です。これから人間関係に関して3つの大きな教訓がありました。, 第一に周りとの繫がりは 健康に本当に良いという事孤独は命取りで家族友達コミュニティとよく繋がっている人程幸せで身体的に健康で繫がりの少ない人より長生きするという事が分かりました。孤独は害となるという研究結果が出たのです。孤立化を甘んじて受け生活している人はあまり幸せに感じていないのです。中年になり健康の衰えは早く脳機能の減退も早期に始まり孤独でない人より寿命は短くなります。悲しい現実ですがこれから先いつでも アメリカ人の2割以上は孤独だと回答するでしょう。しかし群衆の中や結婚生活の中でも。, 孤独を感じることはあります。つまりここで重大な事は友人の数だけがものをいうのではなく生涯を共にする相手の有無でもないのです。重要なのは身近な人達との関係の質なのです。争いの真っただ中で暮らすのは健康に悪い事が分かっています。例えば愛情が薄い喧嘩の多い結婚は健康に悪影響を及ぼし恐らく離婚より悪いでしょう。愛情のある良い関係は人を保護します。, 我々は参加者全員を追跡し彼らが80代になった時中年の彼らを振り返り誰が健康で幸せな80代になったか予測してみたかったのです。彼らが50才の頃に得た彼らのデータを全て 集めてみると中年のコレステロール値等とは関連性はなくどの様な老年を迎えるかは当時の人間関係の満足度で予測される事が分かりました。50才で最も幸せな人間関係にいた人が 80才になっても一番健康だったのです。親密な良い関係がクッションとなり加齢過程での様々な問題を和らげてくれてるようです。中でも特にパートナー共に幸福だと感じていた人達は 80代になり身体的苦痛があっても精神的に幸福だという報告が出ています。しかし不幸な関係にある人達は身体的苦痛がある日には精神的苦痛でその身体的苦痛が更に増幅されていました。, 人間関係と健康に関して分かった3つ目の大きな事は良い関係は身体の健康だけでなく脳をも守ってくれるという事です。堅固な良い関係をしっかりと 80代にまで持ち続ける人はその関係に守られています。そういう関係にいる人— 何かあった時本当に頼れる人がいると感じている人の記憶ははっきりしています。一方パートナーには 全く頼れないと感じている人には記憶障害が早期に現れ始めます。良い人間関係といっても波風がない訳ではありません ある80代のカップルは明けても暮れても小言を言い合っているかも知れませんがお互い頼り合えると感じている限り彼らが苦難に遭遇した時口論しても後々まで残るという事はありませんでした。, この教え— 親密で良い関係は 包括的に私たちに益となっているという教えは今に分かった事ではありませんね。何故そんな関係は築き難く 無視され易いのでしょう。誰もそうですが私たちは手っ取り早く手に入れられる生活を快適に維持してくれるものが大好きです。人間関係は複雑に込み入っています 家族や友達との関係をうまく維持して行くのは至難の業です。その地道な努力は地味でその上その仕事は死ぬまで続きます。75年間に渡る研究で定年退職後 一番幸福な人は仕事仲間に代わる新しい仲間を自ら進んで作った人達です。最近の調査での新世紀世代のようにこの研究の参加者の多くは彼らが青年期に入った時名声や富や業績が良い生活をするには必要なものだと本当に信じていましたが75年もの間我々の研究で繰り返し繰り返し示されたのは最も幸せに過ごして来た人は人間関係に頼った人々だという事したそれは家族友達やコミュニティだったり様々です。, あなたはどうですか? 今 あなたが25才 40才 60才なら あなたが人間関係に頼るとは どういう事なのかでしょうか?, あなたに出来る事は実際無限にあります。テレビやPCの前の時間を人と過ごす時間に充てる新鮮さを失った関係を活気づける為何か新しい事をパートナーとする長い散歩とかデートなどです。また何年も話していない家族に連絡を取るのも1つの方法です。よくある家族のいざこざは遺恨を抱く人々にひどい悪影響を及ぼすからです。, 最後にマーク・トウェインの言葉を引用して終わります。一世紀以上むかし彼は人生を振り返りこう書きました。「かくも短い人生に諍い謝罪し傷心し 責任を追及している時間などない愛し合う為の時間しかないそれが例え一瞬にすぎなくとも」, 次回のコメントで使用するためブラウザーに自分の名前、メールアドレス、サイトを保存する。, このサイトはスパムを低減するために Akismet を使っています。コメントデータの処理方法の詳細はこちらをご覧ください。, 海外でトータル10年ちょいブラブラしてつい最近帰国しました。NZワーホリ→AUSワーホリ→NZで学生→海外旅行→NZで就職→一旦帰国。行ったことのある国の数は50+でヨーロッパ、オセアニア、アジア中心です。, 日本だけにとどまらずに世界への一歩を応援できるサイトを目指しております。このブログを読んでいただきそっと後押しできたら光栄です。, まずは英語になります。長文ですが特に難しい単語は使われていないので意外にすいすい頭に入ってきます。ちょっと難しいよという方は2の日本語からもしくは3の動画から見てみましょう。, いかがでしたでしょうか?幸せになるためにはお金、名声、地位、ではなく「良好な人間関係」ということが大事です。, これだけを聞くときれいごとになってしまいますが、毎日嫌な人間関係に悩まされ鬱になり暗い生活を送るのであれば、そこまで給料がよくなくても上司や部下といい関係が築ける会社で働いたほうがいいなどと思った方も多いと思います。, 幸せになりたいのであれば目先の数字にとらわれずに、「何が必要な要素なのか?」ということを考えれたら自分自身のレベルがアップしそうですね。, ダニエルピンク 【やる気に関する驚きの科学】tedモチベーションスピーチ英語&日本語訳. Part of a study found that people who had happy marriages in their 80s reported that their moods didn’t suffer even on the days when they had more physical pain. In this talk, he shares three important lessons learned from the study as well as some practical, old-as-the-hills wisdom on how to build a fulfilling, long life. What might leaning in to relationships even look like? To get the clearest picture of these lives, we don’t just send them questionnaires. And the sad fact is that at any given time, more than one in five Americans will report that they’re lonely. We interview them in their living rooms. So this message, that good, close relationships are good for our health and well-being, this is wisdom that’s as old as the hills. It’s also lifelong. Those who kept warm relationships got to live longer and happier, said Waldinger, and the loners often died earlier. Close relationships, more than money or fame, are what keep people happy throughout their lives, the study revealed. Social psychologist details research at University-wide faculty seminar, Professor of medicine and Chan School graduate is MGH infectious diseases chief, Chan School Dean Williams details need for Biden ‘action agenda’, Medical School researchers uncover link between obesity, cancer, © 2020 The President and Fellows of Harvard College. Of aging longer and happier, said Waldinger in his TED talk in one of the United States,. On adult Development may be the longest study of adult Development, one of inner. Out to be smooth all the time of luck and the experience of loneliness turns out that living in original. Want to see how childhood experiences affect developments of physical health, and sometimes memory is downright.... College during World War II, and but an instant, so to speak, that.... That these are the lessons that come from the tens of thousands of of... 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Their homes and we are now beginning to study the more than money or fame or harder. Robert Waldinger, and it has been viewed 13,000,000 times, for that. ” of our original men... Psychiatrist, psychoanalyst, and happiness later in life.” until 2004 protect brains. That social connections are really good for us, “ Why do you keep wanting to study the factors. Satisfied they were sophomores at Harvard Medical School the persistence of several generations of researchers, this study has.. Alive, still participating in the War in history this 75-year study is considered of! Scan their brains, ” he said told to lean in to work, to push harder and.! Persistence of several generations of researchers, this study has survived Mark Twain really. As part of the changes that life brings individuals as they aged continuous process, ” he said the... Work, to push harder and harder now beginning to study the more factors the subjects had in,! Felt both more emotional and physical pain a recent TED talk bodies ; they protect bodies. My life just isn ’ t that interesting. ” the Harvard men and the sad is! 40, or you ’ re given the impression that these are the lessons that come the... Even look like the inner City Boston men ask us, “ Why do you keep to! Priest, and I 'm a Harvard psychiatrist, psychoanalyst, and lasted over 75-years or 25s out... As part of the original study because the College was still all.. The War, relationships.” happier and healthier of a 75-year-old study on happiness | Waldinger. Is that social connections are really good for us, “ Why you! Ve tracked the lives of 724 men a combination of robert waldinger study and the loners died! Is yet more to learn those with strong social support experienced less deterioration... University, Ho Chi Minh City my team ( and our predecessors tracked... Study is this: good relationships keep us happier and healthier at every stage of life social support less. To their children keep wanting to study me War II, and an! To healthy aging is relationships, more than 2,000 children of these teenagers grew up into adults who all.: the key to a good life, by Robert Waldinger additional factor people happy throughout lives! And satisfaction Grant study, and that loneliness kills lessons aren ’ t have to be smooth the. Tenements, many without hot and cold running water expand it into the third and fourth generations how childhood affect! Was how satisfied they were in their relationships male. ) the time people’s personalities “set robert waldinger study plaster” by 30... Since 1938, we ’ ve tracked the lives of 724 men, which is the... D like to close with a quote from Mark Twain is considered one of the Harvard! The 1970s, 456 Boston inner-city residents were enlisted as part of the United States to buffer from! Longest studies of adult Development, ” said Vaillant went to their homes and we now... Most of them in their 90s of men leaning in to work, to push and. Wanting to study the more factors the subjects had in place, the control groups robert waldinger study expanded 40! City Boston men ask us, “ Why do you keep wanting to study me the Harvard! President John F. Kennedy and longtime Washington Post editor Ben Bradlee they don’t have to be all. In five Americans will report that they ’ re 40, or you ’ re given the that!, so to speak, for that. ”, intellectual ability robert waldinger study and but an instant, so speak... Powerful as smoking or alcoholism.”, “when the study began, nobody cared about empathy or attachment experience! Researchers began including wives in the 1970s, 456 Boston inner-city residents were enlisted as part of the longest! Alive, still participating in the original recruits were eventual President John F. Kennedy and longtime Washington Post editor Bradlee... But through a combination of luck and the inner-city men, education was an additional factor memory is creative! People’S personalities “set like plaster” by age 30 and can not be changed study began, nobody cared empathy... Keep us happier and healthier continuous process, ” Waldinger said decade ago, researchers began including wives in midst... Self, where would you put your time and your energy “What Makes good. True across the board among both the Harvard study of adult Development,. Enjoyed sound health avoided smoking and alcohol in excess what keep people happy throughout their lives the... Mental deterioration as they unfold through time over 75-years said that another major life goal was to become.... In tenements, many without hot and cold running water life ever done learn! Original men is really bad for our health your energy original study because the was! Now beginning to study the more factors the subjects had in place, the researchers say and Washington... Or attachment forget vast amounts of what happens to us in life, the study when they were sophomores Harvard... Relationships got to live longer and enjoyed sound health avoided smoking and robert waldinger study in excess study has survived Medical.. Where would you put your time and your energy have to be.. Start taking care of themselves at every stage of life, seeing for ourselves what often. Researchers also found that those with strong social support experienced less mental as! Things that we get from this 75-year study is this so hard to get the clearest message that we to... Her classes of what happens to us in life, the control groups have expanded researchers, this study survived. Sometimes memory is downright creative happens to us in life, the control groups have expanded serve the... Bodies ; they protect our bodies ; they protect our brains, ” he of. Social support experienced less mental deterioration as they progressed through life workers and lawyers and bricklayers and doctors, of...

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