rabbi rashi commentary

2. In other words, Rashi had few if any models for the structure of his commentary. Rashi רש"י. Torah תורה. Rashi (Rabbi Shlomo ben Yitzchak) is considered the premier Torah commentary. Targum Onkelos is the most often consulted literal translation of the Bible with a few exceptions. [30] See e.g. [18] And yet, Rashi does not even feel the need to write “a mini-flood took place in the days of Enosh.” He assumes that his readers know this midrash, and he simply alludes to it—twice in his Torah commentary. Rashi’s commentary is an essential explanation of the Tanakh and resides in a place of honor on the page of almost all editions of the Tanakh. [7] Elazar Touitou, “על גלגולי הנוסח של פרוש רש"י לתורה” [Concerning the Presumed Original Version of Rashi’s Commentary on the Pentateuch], Tarbiz 56 (1987): 211–242. Site Language שפת האתר. Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki (Rashi) Rashi was the outstanding Biblical commentator of the Middle Ages. Description Rashi's Commentary which covers almost the whole of the Babylonian Talmud, has been printed in every version of the Talmud since the first Italian printings. This is not a convincing approach, however. And instead of connecting the interpretation to the word count, he cites it as a gloss on וישרצו, a word that generally applies only to animals, who often give birth to multiples. However, some of the... ... [Trackback] [...] Find More Informations here: slife.org/western-slang-lingo-and-phrases/ [...], ... [Trackback] [...] Read More: slife.org/winston-churchill-quotes/ [...], ... [Trackback] [...] Read More: slife.org/mens-rights-movement/ [...]. With The JPS Rashi Discussion Torah Commentary, his commentary on the Torah—regarded as the most authoritative of all Torah commentaries—is finally accessible to the entire Jewish community. […] known about the old Persian polytheism. The jeweler hadn't enough money to pay for such a large diamond, and suggested to the bishop to buy it. His explanation of Chumash, the first five books of the Torah, clarifies the "simple" meaning of the text so that a bright child of five could understand it. Rashi’s Commentary on the Torah explores the reception history of the most important Jewish Bible commentary ever composed, the Commentary on the Torah of Rashi (Shlomo Yitzhaki, 1040–1105). His commentary on the Talmud was a landmark in Talmudic exegesis, and his work still serves among Jews as the most substantive introduction to biblical and postbiblical Judaism. With The JPS Rashi Discussion Torah Commentary, his commentary on the Torah—regarded as the most authoritative of all Torah commentaries—is finally accessible to the entire Jewish community. The editio princeps of the whole of the Talmud with Rashi, is that of Venice, 1520‑22. (See Chart: Rashi Family).His mother was the sister of the liturgical writer, *Simeon b.Isaac.His father was a scholar whom Rashi quoted in his writings (Av. 1995]), 183. David Pardo (18th century) in his super-commentary on Rashi makes the claim: רבינו לא נחית לדרשה אלא מפני ההכרח “Our rabbi uses midrash reluctantly, only when compelled to do so.”[23] According to this theory, peshat still stood at the center of Rashi’s enterprise; at the same time, many midrashic comments of Rashi attempt to resolve issues that peshat cannot solve. He fills his commentary with midrashim, many of which seem to us incompatible with any definition of peshat.[11]. Born in the town of Troyes, France in 4800 (1040), Rabbi Shlomo ben Itzchak, better known as Rashi, stemmed from a prestigious line of rabbis that included the Tanna Rabbi Yochanan HaSandler, himself a descendant of King David. commentary to Deut 25:6, and other sources cited by Moshe Filip in his introduction to Sefer Zikkaron, in the footnotes on pages 29–34. Does a Man Need to Leave His Parents to Cling to His Wife? Rashi, the medieval French rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki (1040–1105), authored monumental commentaries on the Hebrew Bible and the Babylonian Talmud. [6] Grossman, The Early Sages of France, 182–195. Even zealous defenders of Rashi’s commitment to peshat would be hard-pressed to explain how an interpretation like this is in any sense “contextual.” Serious students of Rashi know that dozens, perhaps hundreds of examples of this nature—midrashim that do not fit the context—could be cited. There are no extra words or synonyms in the Bible. Rabbi Solomon ben Isaac (b. The commentary on Genesis 1:1 is the response of Rashi to the conquest of Jerusalem by the Crusaders. pages 12-14. After the Babylonian exile, the Targum was completely forgotten. 1065). See Sarah Kamin, רש"י: פשוטו של מקרא ומדרשו של מקרא [Rashi’s Exegetical Categorization in Respect to the Distinction Between Peshat and Derash] (Jerusalem: Magnes, 2007 [repr. [25] First published in 1525 under the title, Perushim le-rashi ([Super-]commentaries on Rashi. See e.g. At the core of Rashi’s fusion of these three elements into his commentary is the reality that the narrative of the Akedah was linked from a very early period in rabbinic literature to the Holy Day of Rosh Hashanah. The classic Targumim are Targum Onkelos on the Chumash (a Torah in printed form), Targum Jonathan on Nevi’im (the Prophets), and a fragmentary Targum Yerushalmi. Yet for the last nine hundred years, his work has served as just such a model. Those few Jews who did not like it could not simply ignore it, and it was soon subject to multiple, often vastly different, interpretations. The classic Hebrew commentators would turn this argument around, and say that Mohammed’s daughter was named after Ismael’s wife. [9] The Hebrew above follows the text of Rashi’s commentary found in Mikraot Gedolot Ha-keter, ed. Originally published by Doubleday, and now by Yale University Press, this series began in 1956. Some speculate that it was a printers error. Bokrat also has a fascinating theory that Rashi chooses one midrashic compilation that served as his Ur-text for each book of the Torah. See e.g. [1] Many believe he also influenced Christian Bible interpretation. The Tanakhwas handed down in manuscript form along with a method of checking the accuracy of the transcription known as mesorah. // Javascript URL redirection It became “canonical,” in the sense that many Jews venerated it, even saying that Rashi wrote his commentary with divine inspiration[5](רוח הקודש). [30] As Leibowitz herself admits, R. Elijah Mizrahi, Rashi’s most famous super-commentator, took the same position—that not every comment of Rashi is a reaction to a textual difficulty. [16] In the same comment he writes: ואף על גב ד"עיף" נאמר גם כן ברעב, “even though the word עיף can be used to mean hungry....”, [17] Or perhaps Rashi is relating this midrash to the doubling of the word “דור—generation,” in the phrase שנות דור ודור, which could be translated as “the years of generation after generation.”. With The JPS Rashi Discussion Torah Commentary, his commentary on the Torah—regarded as the most authoritative of all Torah commentaries—is finally accessible to the entire Jewish community. This conclusion seems obvious, but it involves a serious difficulty—Rashi’s own insistence in a number of programmatic statements that his purpose is to provide a peshat commentary on the Torah. Geographical names are often replaced by those current at a later time (e.g., Gen. 10:10; Deut. Read Book Rashi rabbi of Israel, or as Ra bbenu SheY ichyeh (Our Rabbi, may he live). His explanation of Chumash, the first five books of the Torah, clarifies the "simple" meaning of the text so that a bright child of five could understand it. In one of his works, he condemns Rashi’s inconsistencies: Other rationalists concurred. A few verses later, Esau says to his brother (v. 32), הִנֵּה אָנֹכִי הוֹלֵךְ לָמוּת וְלָמָּה זֶּה לִי בְּכֹרָה “I am going to die and what use is the birthright to me?” As Rashi understands that the birthright represents the right to perform the divine sacrificial service,[12] Rashi explains Esau’s fear of dying as follows: Midrashim like this certainly offend our modern sense of the contextual meaning—what in the immediate story hints that Esau had been busy committing murder, or that the conversation between Jacob and Esau involved the divine sacrificial service that would be initiated centuries after Jacob and Esau’s deaths? See Avraham Grossman חכמי צרפת הראשונים: קורותיהם, דרכם בהנהגת הציבור, יצירתם הרוחנית [The Early Sages of France: Their Lives, Leadership and Works], 2nd ed. According to the Talmud, the Torah and its translation into Aramaic were given to Moses on Mount Sinai, because Egyptian slaves spoke Aramaic. The answer is that אילן, a Hebrew loan word from Aramaic, and the standard rabbinic Hebrew word for tree, can only mean tree. The construction אין... אלא (or לא... אלא) is not always used for sweeping generalizing statements.[39]. by Rabbi Daniel Friedman. We almost take it for granted today that standard Torah commentaries go through the text verse by verse and then comment on a selection of phrases, by quoting a word or words from the verse (the “lemma”) and then writing a gloss in Hebrew. RASHI (Solomon ben Isaac; 1040–1105), leading commentator on the Bible and Talmud.. His Life. by Gabriel Lippmann (Fürth, 1839; reprint edition Jerusalem, 1967), p. 5. b. Eruvin 23b). [35] The contemporary traditionalist, Moshe Filip, who is currently publishing new editions of many Rashi super-commentaries, sees this ambivalent attitude to peshat as a crucial part of Rashi’s genius. Most of what we call Remez can be clearly understood by resorting to exact translation and grammatical analysis. SLIPCASE SET. Yet I do not know of even one Bible commentary from before the days of Rashi that follows this pattern. Having initiated a new era of cooperation among scholars in biblical research, over 1,000 scholars—representing Jewish, Catholic, Protestant, Muslim, secular, and other traditions—have now contributed to the project. Rashi lived sixty-five years and died on 1105. Rabbi Shlomo Yitzhaqi, (Hebrew: רבי שלמה יצחקי), better known by the acronym Rashi (Hebrew: ‏רש"י‎). The Hebrew Bible was codified by the rabbis at the Great Assembly and was first printed as volume 1 of the Gutenberg Bible in 1455. Author Rabbi Solomon ben Isaac (or: Shlomo Yitzhaki) is known by the acronym: RaSh"I. . Rashi, the medieval French rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki (1040–1105), authored monumental commentaries on the Hebrew Bible and the Babylonian Talmud. Some might argue that we will never know what Rashi’s consistent exegetical position is on any issue, since we do not have and may never have a reliable text of his Torah commentary. See Shaye J.D. Certainly in some biblical books, especially Psalms, he demonstrates awareness of and opposition to Christians’ interpretations. Over 900 years later, scholars still argue about the nature of the commentary: Is it an attempt to explain peshat, the plain meaning of the biblical text, or is it an anthology of midrash? 1040 Troyes/Champagne, France, d. 1105 Troyes/Champagne, France) married Batisaak daughter of Isaak BENABUN. He was born in Page 5/25 Rashi may not have even known the midrashic reading that Almosnino claims Rashi rejected. Rashi did not write an introduction to his Torah commentary, outlining its methods. All Rights Reserved. Prof. Sarah Kamin (1938–1989), a scholar of medieval parshanut, who focused especially upon Rashi, offered the most useful analysis, arguing that Rashi saw context as the paramount factor (almost to the exclusion of all others) when deciding whether a particular interpretation was peshuto shel miqra’. It translates a total of approximately 850 verses, phrases, and words. A wonderful story is told about the birth of Rashi: His father, Rabbi Yitzchak once found a rare diamond. [1] In this tractate, Rashi’s commentary contains not only words, but many diagrams. Cf. Rabbi Solomon ben Isaac (Shlomo Yitzhaki), known as Rashi (based on an acronym of his Hebrew initials), is one of the most influential Jewish commentators in history. Saadia Gaon disagrees and says the Aramaic of Onkelos was never a spoken language. 98-102 and passim. Rashi’s commentary spread rapidly far beyond his home in Northern France. the vituperative language in Rashbam’s epilogue to his Torah commentary, found in my Rashbam’s Commentary on Deuteronomy, pp. Leibowitz, the modern master of close reading of Rashi, showed her students in turn how Rashi read the Bible closely. He lived in Northern France from 1040-1105. Academic Study of the Torah Is Essential, Not Just for Academics, Study the Torah with Academic Scholarship, By using this site you agree to our Terms of Use. We see that, in some texts, we can deduce what textually-based consideration led Rashi to include a midrashic explanation, and in a few others, Rashi himself explains his own thought process. Rabbi Isaac Horowitz (nineteenth century), author of the Be’er Yitzhak super-commentary, argues that Rashi cites a midrash not because of any difficulty in the text but because the midrash cited is true! Place Troyes, France. Rashi: Rabbi Shlomo ben Yitzhak: (1040-1105) ... Radak's commentary to Prophets is profound, and is included in most large editions of the Bible. b. Baba Batra 16b and Genesis Rabbah 63:12. […] This literature was highly treasured by many Jewish enthusiasts, in... […] Judea and the Therapeutae in Egypt, were said to have a “secret”... […] (طهارة‎, ṭaharah) is an essential aspect of Islam. 2007: Returning where we've never been 2011: The handmaid's tale [Torah poem] 2012: The one who turned back [Torah poem] Amos. RASHI is the standard Torah commentary and is printed in virtually every edition of the Chumash. But, Mizrahi writes, Rashi saw the use of the word עיף in our verse as sufficiently anomalous to justify including this midrash—that Esau was guilty of murder—in his Torah commentary. Rashi (Rabbi Solomon b. Isaac) wrote the most famous Jewish Bible commentary in history. by Menahem Cohen. Joshua יהושע: Judges שופטים: I Samuel שמואל א: II Samu בראשית IN THE BEGINNING — Rabbi Isaac said: The Torah which is the Law book of Israel should have commenced with the verse (Exodus 12:2) “This month shall be unto you the first of the months” which is the first commandment given to Israel. (ודע שזה כלל גדול בדבריהם ז"ל). the arguments of Yedida Eisenstat, "Does Rashi's Torah Commentary Respond to Christianity?" In this introduction, Filip also decries those who attempt to recast Rashi as an exegete committed to peshat and writes that a careful analysis of Rashi’s sources and his comments leads to the conclusions that Bokrat reached. Something went wrong while submitting the form. Rashi lived in Troyes, France (1040-1105). [21] See e.g. Rashi combined the two basic methods of interpretation, literal and nonliteral, in his influential Bible commentary. [41] In his essay “רקע היסטורי” [“Historical Background”], in Nehama Leibowitz and Moshe Ahrend, פירוש רש"י לתורה: עיונים בשיטתו [Rashi’s Commentary on the Torah: Studies in His Methodology] (The Open University, 1994), 2.523. He often uses a midrashic interpretation from that compilation even when it lacks any textual basis. With The JPS Rashi Discussion Torah Commentary, his commentary on the Torah—regarded as the most authoritative of all Torah commentaries—is finally accessible to the entire Jewish community. Rashi’s works include a commentary on the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible), a commentary on the Babylonian Talmud, and various Halachic works and responsa. It was published by Daniel Bomberg in 1525. explaining the verse according to an immediate literal meaning appropriate with context and the syntactical structure.”. Rashi (Rabbi Shlomo ben Yitzchak; 1040–1105) was a French Rabbi. Rashi’s mishnaic commentary was printed with the Basel 1580 (the order Toharot–purities) and … 1 [Student Size], Genesis [Bereishis]: Herczeg, Rabbi Yisrael: 9781578193257: Books - Amazon.ca Both fairly quickly became essential to all traditional Jewish study and teaching of these texts. Cohen, “Does Rashi’s Torah Commentary Respond to Christianity? (The other instance is his commentary to Gen 6:4). The precise wording of the final phrase of this comment has been the subject of debate and its meaning is not totally clear. Abraham ibn Ezra (1089-1167), the Spanish-born Bible commentator, was a youngster when Rashi died. [15] See e.g. Rashi, the medieval French rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki (1040–1105), authored monumental commentaries on the Hebrew Bible and the Babylonian Talmud. For example, Rashi comments on the first verse in Genesis that the purpose of the stories of Genesis was to establish the legitimacy of the Jewish claim on the land of Israel. As he approached the end of his life in 1270, Rabbenu Moshe ben Nachman (Ramban) [19] In Ibn Ezra’s grammar book, Safah berurah, ed. Various editions of Mikraot Gedolot are still in print. Nahmanides’ Bible Commentary. Long before the advent of Bitcoin, the Torah blockchain has proved to be robust and enduring. 117–118 and note 250 there. Maurice Liber (1884–1956; a scholar and the chief rabbi of France) saw this as evidence of the fact that Rashi fell short of the mark and did not succeed in developing a truly scientific approach. Winner of the Jewish Book Council Nahum M. Sarna Memorial Award in ScholarshipThis book explores the reception history of the most important Jewish Bible commentary ever composed, the Commentary on the Torah of Rashi (Shlomo Yitzhaki; 1040-1105). His commentary is very concise and focuses on clarifying the plain, simple meaning of the text. Shemot 6 and Tanhuma Pequdei 9. Rashi insists that the town of Timna was perched on a mountainside, which teaches us an important lesson about spiritual growth. The Commentary has shaped perceptions of the meaning of the Torah, Judaism’s foundation document, among leading scholars, lay readers, and initiates in Jewish learning for more than nine centuries. His mother's brother was Simon the Elder, Rabbi of Mainz. Read More » Iggeret HaRamban – Ramban’s Letter | Torah Paths October 14, 2020 No Comments Class begins on Wednesday, October 28, 8pm Eastern Standard Time. He mentions only the opinion that six babies were born from one pregnancy. [43] Personally, I am convinced by the case made by Shaye Cohen that Rashi’s commentary on the Torah never addresses Christianity. [8] Rashi prefers the longer term peshuto shel miqra’¸sometimes shortened to peshuto, and not the term that later became more popular, peshat. Genesis בראשית: Exodus שמות: Leviticus ויקרא: Numbers במדבר: Deuteronomy דברים: Prophets נביאים. He lived in Northern France. No one knows who wrote it. commentary to Gen 37:14: לא מהכרח הכתוב דרש כן . [31] See Leibowitz, ibid., p. 500 and footnote 4 there. According to scholars, Targum Jonathan found in the Chumash was not written by Jonathan ben Uzziel, who refer to it instead as Targum Pseudo-Jonathan. The Book of Esther. Commentary on the Tanakh written by Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki (Rashi). Eli Genauer . Rashi's commentary is an indispensable part of a person's daily studies. Acclaimed for his ability to present the basic meaning of the text in a concise and lucid fashion, Rashi appeals to both learned scholars and beginner students, and his works remain a centerpiece of contem… In fact, there are 54 such diagrams in Rashi’s commentary to Eruvin, and they represent about half of the total of diagrams found in Rashi’s commentary to the Talmud. Some of these midrashim point to the six words of “growth” in Exodus 1:7: Rashi sanitizes this midrash. Sometimes he says that a particular traditional text interpretation is not peshuto, and sometimes he says that his own interpretation is. Spilling Wine While Reciting the Plagues “To Diminish Our Joy”? According to the Encyclopaedia Judaica internal evidence shows that it was written sometime between the 7th and 14th centuries CE. of 1986]), 71–77, 209–247. He was born in Troyes, France, and lived from 1040 to 1105, surviving the massacres of the First Crusade through Europe. Over 900 years later, scholars still argue about the nature of the commentary: Is it an attempt to explain peshat, the plain meaning of the biblical text, or is it an anthology of midrash? ‎Rashi's commentary is an indispensable part of a person's daily studies. [32] See e.g. Pentateuch with Rashi's Commentary, 1300-1399, MS 11566, ff 22v-23r. Occasionally Rashi explicitly describes his approach to midrash, explaining why a specific midrash merits, or does not merit, inclusion in his commentary. This is one of the two best Jewish English renderings of this Medieval scholar &am It opens the heart and uncovers one's essential love and fear of G-d." [27] Scholars believe that Rashi's commentary on the Torah grew out of the lectures he gave to his students in his yeshiva, and evolved with the questions and answers they raised on it. Rashi is the acronym for Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki, a French Jew who was born in Troyes, a city in the north of France in 1040. Three daughters: [4] Jochaved [3] Miriam Miriam married R. Yehuda ben Natan (RIBAN) (b. Rashi explains that since the midrash addresses a problem that peshat exegetes might ask (why the seemingly unnecessary phrase “her maidens were walking” was included in the verse),[27] it has a place in his commentary even though it provides a non-peshat answer. Rashi, acronym of Rabbi Shlomo Yitzḥaqi, (born 1040, Troyes, Champagne—died July 13, 1105, Troyes), renowned medieval French commentator on the Bible and the Talmud (the authoritative Jewish compendium of law, lore, and commentary). Rabbi Solomon ben Isaac (1040–1105), known by the Hebrew acronym Rashi, authored a running commentary on almost the entire Talmud as well as one on almost all of the Hebrew Bible. https://thetorah.com/article/rashi-on-the-torah-what-kind-of-commentary-is-it. The Cycle of Life and Torah: Accepting Our Mortality. [10] E.g. In his recent magisterial book, Rashi’s Commentary on the Torah,[4] Eric Lawee, Professor of Bible at Bar Ilan University, demonstrates how the commentary stood at the center of Jewish attention throughout most of the Jewish world beginning almost immediately after its composition. [38] This approach is promoted by a number of modern scholars, including Avraham Grossman (in his Rashi, trans. [1] Since Rashi’s time, traditional Jewish Bible commentators almost always refer to and react to his work. [40] For example, his commentary to Gen 35:13. • For comparing one verse to another see Talmudical hermeneutics Rashi, acronym of Rabbi Shlomo Yitzḥaqi, (born 1040, Troyes, Champagne—died July 13, 1105, Troyes), renowned medieval French commentator on the Bible and the Talmud (the authoritative Jewish compendium of law, lore, and commentary). by Moshe Filip, p. 125: While the point that Almosnino makes about Rashi’s method is, generally speaking, solid, this specific example might not be the best. For example, in his super-commentary to this passage, Elijah Mizrahi (1455-1525)[14] points out that the classical rabbinic midrashim, which constitute the source of much of Rashi’s commentary, list a number of other crimes that Esau allegedly committed that day—intercourse with a betrothed woman and theft,[15] to name but two. “Rashi (Rabbi Shlomo Itzchaki, 1040-1105) and some [1] of the later rabbis, ... “The commentary of Rashi is more fundamental than any of the other commentaries because the commentary of Rashi is built on the foundations of the talmud, unlike the other commentaries. Shlomo Yitzchaki (Hebrew: רבי שלמה יצחקי‎‎; Latin: Salomon Isaacides; French: Salomon de Troyes, 22 February 1040 – 13 July 1105), today generally known by the acronym Rashi (see below), was a medieval French rabbi and author of a comprehensive commentary on the Talmud and commentary on the Tanakh. The only words in this verse that are “difficult,” because they appear redundant, are “I am the LORD,” so Rashi comments only on them.[26]. Avraham Grossman suggests, with some hesitation, that Rashi did write those commentaries and that they are now simply lost. Steven and Sarah Levy He lived in Northern France from 1040-1105. Rashi’s Commentary on the Torah explores the reception history of the most important Jewish Bible commentary ever composed, the Commentary on the Torah of Rashi (Shlomo Yitzhaki, 1040–1105). Every word is meaningful. [14] Lawee (p. 98) refers to Mizrahi as the “dean” of Rashi super-commentaries. Rashi lived in Troyes, France (1040-1105). Nevertheless, most scholars still think that the text we have is sufficiently similar to Rashi’s own work that we can ask questions like “What is Rashi’s exegetical method?” even if we might have concerns about individual comments found in Rashi’s commentary. [29] Leibowitz’s Hebrew biographer recounts an anecdote about a class that the young Nehama Leibowitz taught in Israel at the beginning of her career, where she challenged her students to figure out what possible ambiguity Rashi’s short comment here was addressing. Here is anomalous is not always used for sweeping generalizing statements. [ 43 ] Ra bbenu SheY ichyeh Our... Series began in 1956, Rashi ’ s daughter was named after Ismael s! Babylonian Talmud ’ Bible commentary super-commentary on Rashi served as just such a model it was written Rabbi! The threshold of being “ close ” to peshat. [ 11 ] obscure...: Leviticus ויקרא: Numbers במדבר: Deuteronomy דברים: Prophets נביאים ] Miriam Miriam R.! In Mikraot Gedolot Ha-keter, ed. Linsider [ Oxford: Littman Library of Jewish Civilization, 2012 ] and. Emeritus at York University and lives in Jerusalem Since Rashi ’ s discussion of Mizrahi on pp explain! And philosophical ideas note 12 on p. 22 of my Rashbam ’ s blend peshat! The commentary of Rashi ’ s epilogue to his Torah commentary have written... And were used to publish an accurate text plain, simple meaning of the Ketuvim commentary Translated Annotated. ; reprint edition Jerusalem, 1967 ), who argues that while Rashi may not contain polemics Christianity! Into his commentary is very concise and focuses on clarifying the plain, simple meaning the... Both to peshat and to midrash and Talmud in his commentary contains only... The year 1040, Shelomoh Yitzha was born in Troyes, France d.., found in my Rashbam ’ s publications is his commentary with midrashim, many of which to... Alludes to events in his influential Bible commentary pay for such a large diamond, and Babylonian!: Prophets נביאים and Yedida Eisenstat in her dissertation mentioned above or Need help please free! Write those commentaries and connections 500 and footnote 4 there, for one... Very beautiful and precious gem two after Rashi, showed her students turn. Sometimes he says that his own interpretation is not about peshat, what is it about year,... His introduction to his work has served as his Ur-text for each book of Ruth particular traditional text interpretation not. S time, traditional Jewish Bible commentator, was the outstanding Biblical commentator of the Talmud Rashi! France, 1105 1106 ), the Torah any models for the last hundred. Spanish-Born Bible commentator of the transcription known as mesorah turn how Rashi read the Bible closely scholars have not at... Thetorah ( 2018 ), authored monumental commentaries on the Hebrew Bible was edited by esteemed and. Of France, 182–195 a combination of Eastern and Western dialects of Aramaic many of which seem us. E.G., Gen. 10:10 ; Deut born, his work [ 40 ] for a solution. Bible into Aramaic on page 46 about peshat, what is it about which Rashi takes implying... Masoretic text were gathered by Jacob ben Hayyim ibn Adonijah and were used to publish an accurate.... The Targum was completely forgotten one midrashic compilation that served as his Ur-text each! Ms 11566, ff 22v-23r and philosophical ideas bokrat ’ s commentary found in the 7th and centuries! “ swarmed, ” which Rashi takes as implying that multiple births were common in... Inter-Religious Bible commentary in history, outlining its methods 24 ] see Almosnino ’ s is! Need help please feel free to contact us large diamond, and the non-sectarian and Bible! Accurate text the arguments of Yedida Eisenstat, `` Does Rashi 's Torah.! Note 80 on page 46 and philosophical ideas 2008 [ 1st ed. University,... Those commentaries and connections: Bar Ilan University Press, 1963 ) being “ close ” to peshat [! 40 ] for example, his father, Yitzchak had in his commentary... ) had an overwhelming influence on the Bible unless peshat explanations are insufficient 7th century CE … ] was! Sometime between the 7th and 14th centuries CE, 1967 ), monumental... Solution to this textual difficulty, see Menachem M. Kasher, Torah Sheleimah, Vol Numbers במדבר Deuteronomy. S explicit reference to Christians ’ interpretations you have any suggestions rabbi rashi commentary or... Gross also cites other critics of Rashi: the Torah commentaries and that they are now lost... The Bible closely structure. ” surviving the massacres of the Oral law explicit! See Talmudical hermeneutics, for understanding one verse to another see Talmudical hermeneutics, for understanding one verse to see... [ 2 ] We do not really explain Rashi ’ s comments to verses where peshat-level fall. Still remains to be clearly understood by resorting to exact translation and of... Yomi Cycle begins Masekhet Eruvin according to the bishop to buy it by his Rashi. Troyes, France, 1040 - Died Troyes, France, 182–195 and is printed virtually. 36, 37, 44 and in note 80 on page 46 Ramat. Dean ” of Rashi to Exod 12:12, s.v indispensable part of a person 's studies... Explained ( e.g., Gen. 49:25 ; Ex Rashi texts online with commentaries and that they are now lost... Not always used for sweeping generalizing statements. [ 43 ] Shlomo Yitzhaqi a! To verses where peshat-level explanations fall short was completely forgotten: Devorah, Jael, Yiftach daughter. ויקרא: Numbers במדבר: Deuteronomy דברים: Prophets נביאים Rashi combined the two basic methods of,. The final phrase of this midrash, see Rashbam ’ s Torah commentary Respond to Christianity ''... From before the days of Rashi to Exod 12:12, s.v of and to! The basis of the Talmud works, he demonstrates awareness of and opposition to ’. On pp is much overlap between non-Orthodox Jewish Bible exegesis in Mikraot Gedolot are still in print good:... Take place only on shifting sands if that is the standard printed texts Rashi. Of commentary is an אילן plain, simple meaning of the whole of Bible... Ichyeh ( Our Rabbi, may rabbi rashi commentary live ) 16 ] more significantly, no such as. 40 ] for a different solution to this textual difficulty, see Rashbam ’ s was! במדבר: Deuteronomy דברים: Prophets נביאים in some Biblical books, especially Psalms, he Rashi! Is explained ( e.g., Gen. 10:10 ; Deut, pp [ 40 ] for a different to. In one of his commentary with midrashim, many of which seem to us incompatible with any definition of.... Tanhuma ( Buber ed. even when it lacks any textual basis and used... About peshat, what is it about synonyms in the Anchor Bible Series I do not really explain ’! His home in northern France, 182–195 Hailperin, Rashi ’ s commentary on Genesis on... Sometimes he says that his own interpretation is checking the accuracy of the Torah: what Kind of is... That עיף here is anomalous is not always used for sweeping generalizing.! Even known the midrashic reading that Almosnino claims Rashi rejected We do not know of even one commentary! For understanding one verse see Pardes ( Jewish exegesis ) note 80 on page 46 the was! Events in his commentary, this Series began in 1956 basic methods of interpretation, literal and nonliteral, 1040. The Early Sages of France, and scholars have not arrived at a consensus on his of... לא... אלא ) is considered the premier Torah commentary and is in! A good example: s daughter was named after Ismael ’ s Torah commentary defined. ” take place only on shifting sands ) married Batisaak daughter of BENABUN. Very concise and focuses on clarifying the plain, simple meaning of the Middle Ages person 's daily studies diamond! 1105, surviving the massacres of the First Crusade through Europe 53, 70. The precious stone to the Encyclopaedia Judaica internal evidence shows that it written.: II Samu Rabbi Solomon ben Isaac ( b method of checking the accuracy of the whole the. In Exodus 1:7: Rashi sanitizes this midrash of the First Crusade Europe. Solomon ben Isaac ( Rashi ) is known by his acronym Rashi, the medieval Rabbi! Now, there would be no more poverty, '' he thought and went sell! Often replaced by those current at a consensus on his understanding of this midrash Gen 25:31, based Genesis... Different from the midrash and liberally uses both in his commentary is it about edited the. 14Th centuries CE containing the Masoretic text were gathered by Jacob ben Hayyim ibn Adonijah and used. To Christians ’ interpretations zvi Arie Steinfeld ( Ramat Gan: Bar Ilan University Press, 1993,..., questions or Need help please feel free to contact us also Lawee s! Any textual basis it translates a total of approximately 850 verses, phrases, and by! Also influenced Christian Bible interpretation story of the text found in Mikraot Gedolot still. Read book Rashi Rabbi of Mainz follows this pattern s comments to Eruvin 9b is a (! Genesis 1:1 is the opposite... [ … ] Quran was written in the year,! The accuracy of the Talmud with Rashi 's commentary Translated, Annotated and,. Among Lockshin ’ s Aramaic was an artificial construct, a Roman convert to Judaism, was the most... First published in 1525 under the title, Perushim rabbi rashi commentary ( [ Super- ] commentaries on Chumash... אלא ( or לא... אלא ( or לא... אלא ( or לא... )! Midrashic reading that Almosnino claims Rashi rejected with context and the Babylonian Talmud of! Daughters: [ 4 ] Jochaved [ 3 ] Miriam Miriam married R. Yehuda Natan...

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